Purple Gallinule

Porphyrio martinicus

Order

GRUIFORMES

Family

Rails, Gallinules and Coots (Rallidae)

Code 4

PUGA

Code 6

PORMAR

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Unknown

The Purple Gallinule has a large range, estimated globally at 10,000,000 square kilometers. Native to the Americas and nearby island nations and introduced to parts of Europe, this bird prefers inland wetland ecosystems such as marshes, bogs, swamps, and fens. The global population of this bird is estimated at 100,000 to 1,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Purple Gallinule is Least Concern.

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PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Purple Gallinule: Medium, chicken-like marsh bird with purple-blue upperparts washed with iridescent green, deep blue underparts. Forehead is pale blue; bill is red and yellow-tipped. Undertail coverts are white. Legs are yellow with very long toes. The flight is labored and slow with dangling legs.


Range and Habitat

Purple Gallinule: Found in the south Atlantic and Gulf states, and casually as far northward as Maine, New York, Wisconsin, and south throughout the West Indies and coastal regions of Mexico, Central America, and northern South America to Brazil. Preferred habitats include lakes, pools, waterways, and wet marshes.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"kek, kek, kek", "keee, keee, keee"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • It swims on the surface of water like a duck and walks on floating plants like a chicken.
  • The Purple Gallinule, despite appearing to be an awkward flier, regularly turns up in northern states and southen Canada. It has even been found numerous times in Europe and South Africa.
  • They often use their feet to hold food while they are eating.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Purple Gallinule

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X