Long-tailed Jaeger

Stercorarius longicaudus

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Skuas and Jaegers (Stercorariidae)

Code 4

LTJA

Code 6

STELON

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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Copyright © 2004 - 2014 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Long-tailed Jaeger has a large range, estimated globally at 10,000,000 square kilometers. Native to Australia, the Americas, Europe, and Asia, this bird prefers grassland and marine ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 100,000 to 500,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Long-tailed Jaeger is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Long-tailed Jaegar: This small diving duck has gray upperparts, white breast, and gray belly. Black cap covers the eyes, crosses chin, and ends at yellow nape. Dark-edged upperwings, gray tail with black edges and long, black streamers, and blue-gray legs. Feeds on lemmings, fish and insects. Tern like airy flight with continuous wing beats, a few glides and numerous dives. Sexes are similar.


Range and Habitat

Long-tailed Jaeger: Breeds in arctic regions from Alaska to Greenland and south to the northern Ungava Peninsula. Spends winters off the coasts of the southern states and South America. Nests on the Arctic tundra. Spends winters over open ocean, usually staying offshore, and very rarely found inland.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"phew-phew-phew"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • On migration, Long-tailed Jaegers are more likely to catch their own food, and less likely to steal from gulls and terns than larger species.
  • Juvenile birds sometimes hunt small prey in ploughed fields or golf-courses, and are typically quite fearless of humans.
  • This bird feeds mainly on lemmings, and numbers fluctuate with the food supply.
  • A group of skuas are collectively known as a "shishkab" of skuas.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Long-tailed Jaeger

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
PrimariesX
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X