Iceland Gull

Larus glaucoides

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Gulls, Terns, Skimmers (Laridae)

Code 4

ICGU

Code 6

LARGLD

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Iceland Gull is a bird species that has a rating of Least Concern. The range of this bird species is one million square kilometers. The population of this bird species may be as large as 400,000 square kilometers. This bird species is native to Iceland as well as Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, Greenland, Ireland, the Netherlands and the Faroe Islands. It is also sometimes a visitor to other portions of the world as well, including portions of Europe, Asia and Australia. This bird is considered to be stable at this time.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Iceland Gull: Large, white gull, pale, pearl-gray back and upper wings. Bill is yellow, red spot at tip of lower mandible. Wing tips sometimes marked with pale to dark gray. White tail; legs and feet are pink. Direct flight with strong deep wing beats. Soars on thermals and updrafts.


Range and Habitat

Iceland Gull: Breeds in southern Greenland, southern Baffin Island, northwestern Quebec, and on islands in northern Hudson Bay. Spends winters in Europe, Iceland, and eastern North America. Nests on rocky coasts, on tall cliffs; prefers coastal habitats in harbors, large reservoirs, and nearby landfills.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"kyow-yow-yow"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Iceland Gull is divided into two subspecies. The western form known as "Kumlien's Gull," breeds in Canada and shows variable amounts of dark in the wingtips. The form that breeds in Greenland has no dark in its wingtips, or only very little.
  • Some authorities believe Thayer's Gull is another subspecies of the Iceland Gull.
  • Their scavenging habits lead them to frequent garbage dumps, sewage outlets and places where fish are cleaned.
  • A group of gulls has many collective nouns, including a "flotilla", "gullery", "screech", "scavenging", and "squabble" of gulls.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Iceland Gull

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X