Harris's Hawk

Parabuteo unicinctus

Order

FALCONIFORMES

Family

Kites, Eagles and Hawks (Accipitridae)

Code 4

HASH

Code 6

PARUNI

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Harris's Hawk has a large range, estimated globally at 6,000,000 square kilometers. Native to the Americas, this bird prefers forest, shrubland, and grassland ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 390,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of Harris's Hawk is Least Concern.

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PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Harris's Hawk: Large hawk, dark brown head, neck, back, belly and rust-brown shoulders, underwing coverts and flanks. Tail is dark brown to almost black with white base and terminal band. Undertail coverts are white. Legs and feet are yellow. Flies close to ground or soars on thermals and updrafts.


Range and Habitat

Harris's Hawk: Resident from south-central Arizona, southern New Mexico, and Texas, through Mexico and south into Chile, central Argentina, and Paraguay. Inhabits lowland areas, sparse woodlands, and semi-desert; prefers a moderate amount of taller vegetation. Also frequents watercourses and protected canyons.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"eee eee eee eee"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Harris's Hawk nests in social units that vary from an adult pair to as many as seven individuals, including both adults and immatures.
  • Cooperative hunting groups are more successful at capturing prey than individuals hunting alone. Groups of five are the most successful.
  • John James Audubon gave this bird its English name in honor of his ornithological companion, financial supporter, and friend Edward Harris.
  • A group of hawks has many collective nouns, including a "boil", "knot", "spiraling", "stream", and "tower" of hawks.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Harris's Hawk

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
Terminal bandX
Refers to the contrasting stripe at the tip of the tail.
UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X