Curlew Sandpiper

Calidris ferruginea

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

CUSA

Code 6

CALFER

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Curlew Sandpiper has a large range, estimated globally at 100,000 to 1,000,000 square kilometers. It is native to the nations of Europe, Asia, North America, Africa, and Australia and prefers grassland, wetland, and marine ecosystems, though it has been known to reside near water storage areas and irrigated land. The global population of this bird is estimated to be 1,400,000 individuals and it does not appear to meet population decline criteria that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. The current evaluation status of the Curlew Sandpiper is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Curlew Sandpiper: Medium-sized sandpiper with mottled rufous, white, and black upperparts. Head, neck and breast are a rich rufous while vent, undertail coverts and underwings are white. Black bill is long and slightly decurved. The legs and feet are black. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats.


Range and Habitat

Curlew Sandpiper: Breeds in Eurasia, very rarely in coastal areas of northern Alaska and the western Aleutian islands. Rare but regular migrant to the east coast from New England to the Gulf, less common on west coast; spends winters mainly in the Old World. Nests on tundra; in migration stays on estuaries, lagoons, and lakes.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"chirrup", "chirrip", "wick-wick-wick"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Curlew Sandpiper, although breeding in northern Asia, seems to stray to many parts of the world outside of its normal haunts.
  • The numbers of this species (and of Little Stint) depend on the population of lemmings. In poor lemming years, predatory species such as skuas and Snowy Owls will take Arctic-breeding waders instead.
  • This species occasionally hybridizes with the Sharp-tailed Sandpiper and the Pectoral Sandpiper, producing the presumed "species" called "Cooper's Sandpiper" and "Cox's Sandpiper."
  • A group of sandpipers has many collective nouns, including a "bind", "contradiction", "fling", "hill", and "time-step" of sandpipers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Curlew Sandpiper

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X