Eurasian Hobby

Falco subbuteo

Order

FALCONIFORMES

Family

Caracaras and Falcons (Falconidae)

Code 4

EHOB

Code 6

FALSUB

ITIS

Egg Color:

Light yellow brown with red brown spots



Number of Eggs:

3 - 5



Incubation Days:

28 - 31



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

In tree.



Nest Material:

Sticks, branches, and mud.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Eurasian Hobby: Small falcon with dark slate-gray upperparts and white underparts with heavy, dark gray streaks. White face has bold black mask and moustache stripe, and thin white eyebrows. Wings are long and pointed. Leggings are orange. Tail is square and finely barred. Sexes are similar. Juvenile has dark brown upperparts finely edged with brown, heavily streaked underparts, and lacks orange leggings.

Range and Habitat

Eurasian Hobby: Occurs across Africa, Europe and Asia. Inhabits relatively open areas with some trees, such as open woodland, forest or river edges, wooded savannah, cultivation or scrub with clumps of trees, scattered trees or copses, or fields with hedgerows. Found close to rivers or wetlands, and also sometimes occurs in more urban environments.

Breeding and Nesting

Eurasian Hobby: Three to five light yellow brown eggs with red brown spots are laid in an old crow or hawk nest. Incubation ranges from 28 to 31 days and is carried out primarily by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Eurasian Hobby: Feeds on large insects and small birds such as swallows and martins. Prey is caught in talons and transferred to bill in flight.

Vocalization

Eurasian Hobby: Makes a loud "klee-klee-klee."

Similar Species

Eurasian Hobby: Peregrine Falcon is much larger, and lacks eyestripe and orange leggings.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X