Least Sandpiper

Calidris minutilla

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

LESA

Code 6

CALMIL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Least Sandpiper is a terrestrial bird that is native to the Caribbean, South America, Central America and North America as well as Asia. It is also a frequent visitor to Europe and other parts of the world. The range of the Least Sandpiper is almost 5 million square kilometers. The population of the Least Sandpiper is estimated at around 600,000 individual birds. This bird is not currently considered to be facing any threats. The rating for the Least Sandpiper is Least Concern. The prior rating for this bird species was Lower Risk.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Least Sandpiper: This small sandpiper has brown-scaled upperparts and a rust-brown crown. The breast and throat are dark-spotted; belly, under tail are white. The wings have thin white stripes visible in flight. The black line on the rump extends onto the tail. The legs and feet are yellow-green. It feeds mostly on insects. It has a swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. Sexes are similar.

 

Range and Habitat

Least Sandpiper: Breeds from inland Alaska across northern Canada to Labrador and, in the east, south to Nova Scotia and once in Massachusetts. Spends winters from the Pacific coast, across the southern U.S. south to central South America and the West Indies. Frequents sandy beaches and exposed tidal flats.

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Least Sandpiper SONGS AND CALLS

Least Sandpiper C1

Flight call is a high-pitched "kreep".

Least Sandpiper A2

Both rapidly trilled and repeated "seet" alarm calls.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Dididididi", "preeep", "pree-rreeep"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Least Sandpiper was first described in 1819 by Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot, a French ornithologist. It is the smallest shorebird in the world.
  • Although they are relatively numerous, they often occur in flocks of dozens or hundreds, rather than thousands like some other sandpipers.
  • They tend to forage at the upper edge of mudflats or along drier margins of inland ponds than other related small sandpipers.
  • A group of sandpipers has many collective nouns, including a "bind", "contradiction", "fling", "hill", and "time-step" of sandpipers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X