Solitary Sandpiper

Tringa solitaria

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

SOSA

Code 6

TRISOL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Solitary Sandpiper is a small shorebird that prefers to nest in trees, laying its eggs in abandoned nests from other species. Preferred breeding grounds for this species include various forests in Alaska and Canada. In winter months, this species migrates southward to Central and South America, in the Amazon River basin and the Caribbean. These birds may rarely be seen in western Europe as well. Diets typically consist of small invertebrates and sometimes frogs found along the edges of bodies of fresh water such as ponds and lakes. The conservation rating for this species is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Solitary Sandpiper: This medium-sized sandpiper has pale-spotted, dark brown back and rump, white underparts with streaks on neck and sides, dark head and a bold white eyering. It has a black tail with conspicuous black-and-white barred edges; olive-green bill, legs and feet. Feeds on insects and insect larvae, spiders, worms and tadpoles. Direct flight is light and buoyant. Sexes are similar.

 

Range and Habitat

Solitary Sandpiper: This species breeds in wooded northland regions of Canada and Alaska. It spends winters from southern Florida, central Mexico, and the West Indies south to central South America. Its preferred habitats include swampy margins of brackish pools, freshwater ponds, and woodland streams.

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Solitary Sandpiper SONGS AND CALLS

Solitary Sandpiper EE1

Call is a high-pitched "peet-weet".

Solitary Sandpiper A1

"Plik" alarm calls from an adult near chick.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Plik", "peet-weet"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • First described by ornithologist Alexander Wilson in 1813, its nest was not discovered until 1903. Until that time, eggs and young of the Spotted Sandpiper were misidentified as those of the Solitary Sandpiper.
  • Its habit of nesting in the abandoned nests of other birds is unique among North American shorebirds, which generally nest on the ground.
  • The Solitary Sandpiper is commonly seen in migration along the banks of ponds and creeks. While not truly solitary, it does not migrate in large flocks the way other shorebirds do.
  • A group of sandpipers has many collective nouns, including a "bind", "contradiction", "fling", "hill", and "time-step" of sandpipers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X