Stilt Sandpiper

Calidris himantopus

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers, Phalaropes and Allies (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

STSA

Code 6

CALHIM

ITIS

  • wgba_banner
  • ibird_banner
  • journal_banner
1 2 3

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2004 - 2014 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Stilt Sandpiper is a small shorebird that prefers to breed in arctic regions of open tundra in North America. In winter months, this species will migrate long distances southward to South America and rarely western Europe. Nests are built on the ground, and 3 to 4 eggs are laid each year. When not in breeding season, the natural habitat of the Stilt Sandpiper includes inland waters versus open coastlands. This species is so named due to the long, skinny legs with which is wades through the shallow ocean waters near the coast. The conservation rating is currently Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Stilt Sandpiper: This medium-sized sandpiper has gray-brown upperparts, white rump, heavily barred white underparts, dark cap, white eyebrows and brown ear patches. It has a long, black bill that curves down at the tip and long gray-green legs. It has a powerful, direct flight on long, rapidly beating wings. Sexes are similar.


Range and Habitat

Stilt Sandpiper: Breeds from northeastern Alaska to northeastern Manitoba and northernmost Ontario. Spends winters in South America and casually north to Florida and southern California. Preferred habitats include sedge meadows interrupted by old beach ridges, eskers, or other elevated areas dominated by dwarf birch, heaths, willows, crowberries, and dryads.

whatbird search for your browser

SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"querp"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Stilt Sandpipers nest as close as 12 feet to other shorebirds, but at least 900 feet from their own kind, probably as a defense against predators.
  • Seeds picked from the water or dry ground can make up nearly one-third of the diet, depending upon their availability.
  • A group of sandpipers has many collective nouns, including a "bind", "contradiction", "fling", "hill", and "time-step" of sandpipers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Stilt Sandpiper

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Imran Kahn

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X