Burrowing Owl

Athene cunicularia

Order

STRIGIFORMES

Family

Barn Owls, Typical Owls (Tytonidae & Strigidae)

Code 4

BUOW

Code 6

ATHCUN

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Burrowing Owl is native to south-central Canada, much of the western USA, Florida, the Caribbean, Mexico, and grassland and dry forest habitats in much of South America. It is believed to be possibly extinct in Antigua, Saint Kitts and Nevis. The range of this bird is around 14 million square kilometers, and the global population of the Burrowing Owl is thought to be about 3 million individual birds. Currently, the Burrowing Owl has an IUCN conservation rating of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Burrowing Owl: Small ground-dwelling owl, mostly brown with numerous white spots and no ear tufts. Eyes are yellow. White chin and throat. Tail is short, and legs are long. Bouyant, erratic flight with slow, silent wingbeats. May hover briefly above prey. The scientific name means "little digger."

 

Range and Habitat

Burrowing Owl: Found in North and South America. Live in the desert regions and grasslands of western North America, and drier areas of Central and South America. Spend their winters in Texas where they commonly breed. Found in northern areas of the Great Plains and northern California in the summer. Preferred habitats include dry grasslands and deserts.

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Burrowing Owl SONGS AND CALLS

Burrowing Owl A1

Song is a two-syllable "coo-cooo".

Burrowing Owl A2

Chatter calls given in alarm.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"coo-coo-roo or co-hoo", "who-who"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Burrowing Owls are diurnal (active during the day) while most other species of owls are nocturnal (active at night).
  • Like other owls they prey on small mammals but, unlike other owls, they will also eat fruits and seeds, especially the fruit of the prickly pear cactus.
  • Unusual among all species of birds, the females are actually smaller than the males.
  • A group of owls has many collective nouns, including a "bazaar", "glaring", "parliament", "stooping", and "wisdom" of owls.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X