Say's Phoebe

Sayornis saya

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

SAPH

Code 6

SAYSAY

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Say's Phoebe has a large range, estimated globally at 7,200,000 square kilometers. Native to Canada, the United States, and Mexico, this bird prefers subtropical or tropical shrubland or temperate grassland ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 3,700,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of Say's Phoebe is Least Concern.

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PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Say's Phoebe: Medium-sized, active flycatcher with gray-brown upperparts and head, paler gray throat and upper breast, and pale rufous belly and undertail coverts. The wings and tail are dark gray. Feeds primarily on insects. Weak fluttering flight with shallow wing beats. Hawks from perch, hovers.


Range and Habitat

Say's Phoebe: Breeds from central Alaska, Yukon, and the Northwest Territories south through the western U.S. from California to Texas. Spends winters in coastal Oregon and California east to Texas, and much of Mexico. Resident in parts of the southwest and northern Mexico. Frequents open areas such as prairies, tundra, farmlands, and playing fields.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"pidiweew", "pidireep", "pdeer", "tueeee"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Say's Phoebe breeds farther north than any other flycatcher, seemingly limited only by the lack of nest sites.
  • The numbers of this bird are declining, probably due to loss of habitat in its winter range.
  • This bird was named for Thomas Say, the American naturalist.
  • A group of flycatchers has many collective nouns, including an "outfield", "swatting", "zapper", and "zipper" of flycatchers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Say's Phoebe

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Kavita Jhunjhunwala

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X