Baikal Teal

Anas formosa




Ducks, Geese and Swans (Anatidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White, often with a yellow tint

Number of Eggs:

6 - 10

Incubation Days:

21 - 25

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

Usually near water., On ground near base of a tree or in shrub.

Nest Material:

Lined with down., Dried grass and plant stems





Baikal Teal: Small dabbling duck with striking head pattern of pale brown, green, white, and black. Breast is pink with dark spots, flanks are gray bordered with vertical white stripes, and long scapulars are chestnut-brown, black, and white. Wing speculum is green with buff upper border and white lower border. Undertail coverts are black. Female is mostly brown with dark-centered feathers on back and sides, dark spots on breast and a distinctive white spot at base of bill.

Range and Habitat

Baikal Teal: Breeds in eastern Russia and spends the winter in East Asia. Occurs in Alaska and in limited areas of the west coast states. Nests near swampy tundra areas. Spends winters on freshwater lakes, rivers, reservoirs, and farmlands, often roosting on water during the day and feeding in fields at night.

Breeding and Nesting

Baikal Teal: Six to ten white eggs, often yellow-tinted, are laid in a ground nest made of dried grass and plants lined with feathers and down. Incubation ranges from 21 to 25 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Baikal Teal: Feeds on seeds, aquatic snails, algae, and plants.


Baikal Teal: Utters a deep, chuckling "klo-klo."

Similar Species

Baikal Teal: Breeding males are unmistakable. Eclipse and immature male resembles female.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
The upper front part of a bird.
Short feathers in the area where the bird’s back and wings join.
The brightly colored area on the wing (secondaries of the wing) on several duck species.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X