American Black Duck

Anas rubripes

Order

ANSERIFORMES

Family

Ducks, Geese and Swans (Anatidae)

Code 4

ABDU

Code 6

ANARUB

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The American Black Duck is native to the United States as well as Mexico, Canada, Puerto Rico and Bermuda. There have been reports of this species in Norway, Ireland, Spain, Denmark and Portugal as well. With a range of more than 4 million square kilometers, the global population of this bird is thought to be at around 400,000. There is not thought to be any danger to the population of the American Black Duck. The evaluation was changed from Lower Risk in 2000 to Least Concern in 2004 in order to reflect the population.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

American Black Duck: Stocky, medium-sized dabbling duck with dark brown body, paler face and foreneck, and purple speculum bordered with black. Head is finely streaked; dark eyestripe is distinct. White underwings contrast with dark brown body in flight. Legs, feet are orange. Swift direct flight.


Range and Habitat

American Black Duck: Breeds from Manitoba southeast to Minnesota, east through Wisconsin, Illinois, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, and in the forested portions of eastern Canada to northern Quebec and northern Labrador. Spends winters in southern parts of its breeding range and south to the Gulf Coast, Florida, and Bermuda.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"quack, quack, quack, quack"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The American Black Duck is not black, but only appears so at a distance; it was formerly known as the "Dusky Duck." They return to the same marshes each fall, and will starve rather than migrate farther south if those marshes are frozen.
  • If a mother is killed or separated from her brood, another Black Duck with ducklings of her own, regardless of their age, will quickly adopt the orphans.
  • The colors of the bill and legs are used to determine their age and sex. These differences led to an earlier belief that there were two subspecies, a northern, red-legged race, and a southern "common" one.
  • A group of ducks has many collective nouns, including a "brace", "flush", "paddling", "raft", and "team" of ducks.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for American Black Duck

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
ForeneckX
Also called the jugulum or throat patch, it is located on the front of the neck.
SpeculumX
The brightly colored area on the wing (secondaries of the wing) on several duck species.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X