Mountain Plover

Charadrius montanus

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Lapwings and Plovers (Charadriidae)

Code 4

MOPL

Code 6

CHAMOT

ITIS

Egg Color:

Olive buff marked with black



Number of Eggs:

2 - 4



Incubation Days:

28 - 31



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

On ground.



Nest Material:

Lined with dry grass.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Mountain Plover: Medium-sized plover with pale brown upperparts, white underparts, and brown sides. Head has brown cap, white face, and dark eyestripe. Upperwings are brown with black edges and white bars; underwings are white. Tail is brown-black with white edges. Sexes are similar. Winter adult and juvenile are darker brown.

Range and Habitat

Mountain Plover: Breeds in Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas Panhandle east to Nebraska. Spends winters from central California, southern Arizona and Texas southward into Mexico. One of the few shorebirds that lives in dry regions away from water, preferring shortgrass prairie and dry lowland areas; often found on grassy or bare dirt fields.

Breeding and Nesting

Mountain Plover: Two to four olive buff eggs marked with black are laid in a shallow ground depression, sometimes lined with dried grass. Incubation ranges from 28 to 31 days and is carried out by both parents; lays two sets of eggs, with the male incubating the first and the female the second set. Young start to fly at 33 to 34 days old.

Foraging and Feeding

Mountain Plover: Feeds on grasshoppers, beetles, flies, crickets, and other insects; forages on the ground.

Vocalization

Mountain Plover: When breeding, utters low, drawn-out whistles and harsh notes; in winter gives a harsh "krrr" note.

Similar Species

Mountain Plover: Winter adult and juvenile American Golden-Plovers have larger bills, spotted underparts, dark legs, and lack black-and-white bands on tails.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X