Vermilion Flycatcher

Pyrocephalus rubinus




Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White with brown, gray and lavender spots

Number of Eggs:

2 - 4

Incubation Days:

14 - 15

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

8 - 50 feet above ground., On horizontal tree branch.

Nest Material:

Bark, sticks, weeds, and grass., Lined with down.


Most migrate



Vermilion Flycatcher: Small, stocky flycatcher with gray-black upperparts and scarlet-red crown, throat, and underparts. Face has thick, black eye-line. Wings and tail are gray-black; tail has thin white tip. Female has gray-brown upperparts and head, thin dark mask, white throat, streaked white breast, light to dark salmon colored belly and vent, and dark tail with white edges. Juvenile resembles female but has more distinct streaks on breast and lacks pink belly and vent.

Range and Habitat

Vermilion Flycatcher: This species breeds from southeastern California east to central Texas and south throughout Mexico and into the tropics. It spends winters in southern part of breeding range, but wanders as far east as the Gulf Coast from Mexico to Florida. Found in wooded or brushy areas near water.

Breeding and Nesting

Vermilion Flycatcher: Two to four white eggs with brown, gray and lavender spots are laid in a shallow cup of twigs, weed stalks, grass, and bark, lined with down, and built on a horizontal tree branch 8 to 55 feet above the ground. Incubation ranges from 14 to 15 days and is carried out by the female; usually has two broods per year.

Foraging and Feeding

Vermilion Flycatcher: Feeds on insects; forages by flying from perch to catch prey in mid-air.

Readily Eats

Meal Worms


Vermilion Flycatcher: Repeated "pit-pitasee, pit-pit-pitasee" sometimes given in flight. Call is a short "pitz."

Similar Species

Vermilion Flycatcher: Scarlet Tanager is larger with a red body, black wings, and black tail.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X