Ferruginous Hawk

Buteo regalis

Order

FALCONIFORMES

Family

Kites, Eagles and Hawks (Accipitridae)

Code 4

FEHA

Code 6

BUTREG

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Ferruginous Hawk has a large breeding range of 2,780,000 square kilometers that includes grassland habitats in south-central Canada, and the western United States. It winters in similar open habitats in the western United States south to central Mexico. This bird species has an estimated breeding population of 80,000, and a conservation rating of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Ferruginous Hawk: Large hawk, white head, streaked, rust-brown shoulders, back, and feathered legs. Underparts have scattered rufous streaks. Gray-brown wings. Tail is white with rust-brown wash. Dark morph is red-brown with white flight feathers. Alternates deep flaps and glides, soars on thermals.

 

Range and Habitat

Ferruginous Hawk: Breeds in central Canada, south through western and central U.S. into northern Texas. Winters south from California through Texas south to northern Mexico. Preferred habitats include lowlands, plateaus and valleys, plains, rolling hills of grasslands, agricultural lands, ranches, and the edges of deserts.

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Ferruginous Hawk SONGS AND CALLS

Ferruginous Hawk A1

"Kaah" calls given by a bird in flight.

Ferruginous Hawk A2

"Kreeah" calls from a pair near their nest.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"kree-a", "kaah kaah"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The common name of the Ferruginous Hawk means "rusty color" and refers to the coloration of the bird’s wing and legging feathers.
  • They nest in trees and on the ground. For some unknown reason, tree nests tend to have a greater number of eggs per clutch than ground nests.
  • Before the elimination of bison in the West, their nests were often partially constructed of bison bones and wool.
  • A group of hawks has many collective nouns, including a "boil", "knot", "spiraling", "stream", and "tower" of hawks.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X