Willow Flycatcher

Empidonax traillii

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

WIFL

Code 6

EMPTRA

ITIS

Egg Color:

White to pale buff with brown spots



Number of Eggs:

2 - 4



Incubation Days:

12 - 15



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

2 - 15 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Bark, grass, rootlets, and bits of plant.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Willow Flycatcher: Small flycatcher with brown-olive upperparts, white throat contrasting with paler breast, and white to pale yellow belly and faint white eye rings. Wings are dark with two white bars. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Willow Flycatcher: Breeds from southern British Columbia east to southern Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec, south to central California, Nevada, the southwest, Arkansas, and North Carolina. Spends winters in the tropics. Preferred habitats include swampy thickets, upland pastures, and old abandoned orchards; also occurs along wooded lakeshores and streams.

Breeding and Nesting

Willow Flycatcher: Two to four brown spotted, white to pale buff eggs are laid in a neat, compact cup of plant down and fibers built in a low bush or sapling. Incubation ranges from 12 to 15 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Willow Flycatcher: Feeds on insects; forages in flight, sometimes picking insects from foliage.

Readily Eats

Meal Worms

Vocalization

Willow Flycatcher: Call is a wheezy "fitz-bew" or "pit-speer." Song is a burry "fee-bee-o", descending more abruptly in pitch.

Similar Species

Willow Flycatcher: Alder Flycatcher has a shorter bill, more prominent eye-ring, and less brown on upperparts.

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X