Hammond's Flycatcher

Empidonax hammondii




Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Creamy white, sometimes with brown spots

Number of Eggs:

3 - 4

Incubation Days:

12 - 16

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

10 - 60 feet above ground.

Nest Material:

Weed stems, grass, bark strips, and lichens lined with finer materials.





Hammond's Flycatcher: Small flycatcher with gray upperparts gray-brown underparts and white eye-ring. Throat is pale gray and belly is pale yellow. Wings are dark with two pale bars. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is browner with olive-brown wing-bars.

Range and Habitat

Hammond's Flycatcher: Breeds from eastern Alaska south through western Canada to northern California and northern New Mexico. Spends winters in the tropics from Mexico south and rarely winters in Arizona and extreme southwest Texas. Preferred habitats include mature conifer forests at high altitudes.

Breeding and Nesting

Hammond's Flycatcher: Three or four creamy white eggs, occasionally with brown spots, are laid in a well-built cup nest saddled on a branch 15 to 60 feet above the ground, usually in a conifer. Incubation ranges from 12 to 16 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Hammond's Flycatcher: Eats mostly insects; forages at mid-level in conifers and aspens.


Hammond's Flycatcher: Song is "seweep-tsurp-seep", with the last part rising. Call is a high "peep" or soft "wit."

Similar Species

Hammond's Flycatcher: Dusky Flycatcher has a longer bill, pale gray throat, longer tail, and different voice. Least Flycatcher is slightly smaller, grayer above, whiter below, and has a different voice.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X