Prothonotary Warbler

Protonotaria citrea

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4

PROW

Code 6

PROCIT

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Prothonotary Warbler has a large range, estimated globally at 2,200,000 square kilometers. Native to the Americas and nearby island nations, this bird prefers temperate, subtropical, or tropical forest ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 1,800,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Prothonotary Warbler is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Prothonotary Warbler: Medium-sized warbler with olive-green back and blue-gray wings and tail. Head, neck, and underparts are vibrant yellow and the undertail coverts are white. Bill, legs and feet are black. The only eastern warbler that nests in tree hollows. Once called the Golden Swamp Warbler.


Range and Habitat

Prothonotary Warbler: Breeds mainly in the southern and southeastern states north to Minnesota, Michigan, and New York. During migration, it may appear from California to Maine. Spends winters in the tropics from coastal Yucatan Peninsula to areas south. Preferred habitats include wooded swamps, flooded bottomland forests, and streams with dead trees.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"sweet-sweet-sweet-sweet-sweet -sweet-sweet", "chip"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Prothonotary Warbler is an endangered bird in Canada.
  • It is one of only two warbler species in North America who nests in cavities. The other is Lucy’s Warbler.
  • The disappearance of its favorite winter habitat, mangrove swamps, may eventually present a threat to populations.
  • A group of warblers has many collective nouns, including a "bouquet", "confusion", "fall", and "wrench" of warblers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Prothonotary Warbler

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X