Hermit Warbler

Setophaga occidentalis

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4

HEWA

Code 6

SETOCC

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Hermit Warbler has a large range, estimated globally at 340,000 square kilometers. Native to Mexico, the United States, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador, this bird prefers forest ecosystems that are temperate, subtropical, or tropical. The global population of this bird is estimated at 2,400,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Hermit Warbler is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Hermit Warbler: Small warbler, gray upperparts, white underparts, black-streaked flanks. Head is yellow with black throat and nape. Wings are gray with two white bars. Bill, legs and feet are black. They spend most of their time in the tops of tall fir and pine trees, making them difficult to see.

 

Range and Habitat

Hermit Warbler: This species breeds along the Pacific Coast from Washington to northern California and along the Sierra Nevada. They spend winters along coastal southern California and south of the U.S.-Mexico border in central and southern Mexico. Its preferred habitats include mature coniferous forests.

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Hermit Warbler SONGS AND CALLS

Hermit Warbler A1

Most common call is a sharp "chip".

Hermit Warbler A2

Unstructured song may be more territorial in nature.

Similar Sounding

Black-throated Gray Warbler Z2

Squeaky "buzz see buzz see buzz see wheeo" song variation.

Townsend's Warbler A1

Song is a variable "weezy weezy weezy "weeZEE".


Voice Text

"seadle, seadle, seadle, zeet-zeet"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Hermit Warbler was first described in 1837 by John Kirk Townsend, an American naturalist, ornithologist and collector.
  • They hybridize with the Townsend's Warbler where their ranges overlap in Oregon and Washington. The hybrid zones are rather narrow and appear to be slowly moving, with the more aggressive Townsend's Warbler displacing the Hermit Warbler.
  • It once occurred in the Olympic Peninsula and into British Columbia, areas now occupied only by the Townsend’s. Warbler.
  • A group of hermit warblers are collectively known as a "seclusion" of warblers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X