Pine Warbler

Setophaga pinus




Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White with brown flecks at large end

Number of Eggs:

3 - 5

Incubation Days:


Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

10 - 135 feet above ground.

Nest Material:

Lined with feathers, weeds, grass, bark, pine needles, twigs, and spider webs.


Northern birds migrate



Pine Warbler: Medium-sized warbler with plain olive-gray upperparts, yellow throat and breast, blurry-streaked sides, and white belly and undertail coverts. Wings are gray with two white bars. Female and juvenile are duller.

Range and Habitat

Pine Warbler: Breeds from extreme southeastern Manitoba, across southern Ontario and into Maine, south across the eastern U.S. to eastern Texas, the Gulf Coast, and Florida. Spends winters in the southern states, occasionally north to New England. As the name suggests, this species prefers pine forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Pine Warbler: Three to five white eggs with brown flecks at large end are laid in a compact, well-concealed nest built among pine needles near the tip of a horizontal branch, usually higher than 20 feet. Eggs are incubated for about 10 days by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Pine Warbler: Diet consists of insects, fruits, and seeds; forages in trees and shrubs.

Readily Eats

Sugar Water, Fruit, Nut Pieces


Pine Warbler: The song is musical and somewhat melancholy.

Similar Species

Pine Warbler: Yellow-throated Vireo has a thicker bill, spectacles, and lacks streaking on breast.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X