Golden-winged Warbler

Vermivora chrysoptera

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4

GWWA

Code 6

VERCHR

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Near Threatened

The Golden-winged Warbler is a small bird found throughout eastern North America, including the eastern United States and southeastern Canada, where it prefers to breed. This species migrates in winter months to warmer southern Central America, Columbia, Venezuela and Ecuador. They are rarely found in western Europe. The Golden-winged Warbler’s breeding grounds are found in open scrublands. This bird builds its cup nest on the ground or very near it in low bushes. The typical diet of a Golden-winged Warbler consists of insects and spiders. The current conservation rating of the Golden-winged Warbler is Near Threatened due to disappearing natural habitat.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Golden-winged Warbler: Small warbler with gray upperparts and white underparts. Face is white with black mask and throat, and head has a yellow crown. Wings are gray with large yellow patches. Its flight is weak and fluttering, alternates rapid wing beats with periods of wings drawn to its sides.

 

Range and Habitat

Golden-winged Warbler: Breeds from southern Manitoba, across the Great Lakes region, and from New Hampshire south to New Jersey and Iowa, and along the Appalachian Mountains into Georgia. Spends winters from southern Mexico to northern South America. Preferred habitats include abandoned fields and pastures grown to saplings.

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Golden-winged Warbler SONGS AND CALLS

Golden-winged Warbler A2

"Tzeep" contact calls.

Golden-winged Warbler A1

Type II song is a rapid trill followed by a lower buzzy note.

Similar Sounding

Blue-winged Warbler H2

Song type 2 is a series of buzzy whistles.


Voice Text

"beee-bzz-bzz-bzz"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Golden-winged Warbler benefited from the extensive deforestation of the last several centuries, especially as farms were abandoned in the 20th century. Current reforestation is reducing available breeding habitat.
  • They hybridize extensively with the Blue-winged Warbler, giving rise to the distinctly plumaged "Brewster's" and "Lawrence's" warblers. Backcrosses of hybrids to pure parental types result in many intermediate-appearing birds.
  • Hybrids do not sing intermediate songs but sing either normal Blue-winged Warbler or Golden-winged Warbler songs. Some birds sing both. Occasionally pure-looking parental types sing the "wrong" song.
  • A group of warblers has many collective nouns, including a "bouquet", "confusion", "fall", and "wrench" of warblers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Imran Kahn

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X