Brant

Branta bernicla

Order

ANSERIFORMES

Family

Ducks, Geese and Swans (Anatidae)

Code 4

BRAN

Code 6

BRABER

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Brant has a large breeding range in open tundra habitats in northern Canada, Greenland, Alaska, the Svalbard archipelago, and northern Russia. It winters in estuaries and other coastal habitats in western Europe, Japan, the Yellow Sea, the northeastern United States, and the Pacific coast from southern British Columbia south to Baja California. It has an estimated population of 570,000 individuals, and is not believed to be declining at a rate that would meet threshold criteria for inclusion on the IUCN Red List. Because of these population trends, the evaluation level of the Brant is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Brant: This small goose has dark brown upperparts and brown-barred, pale gray underparts. The head is black, and the short black neck has a partial white ring. The tail and vent are white. It has a heavy direct flight with strong wing beats. It flies in a straight line formation. It feeds on green plants including eel grass and sea lettuce. The sexes are similar.

 

Range and Habitat

Brant: Breeds in eastern Siberia and along the northern coast of Alaska and western Canada; Pacific subspecies spends winters along the west coast from British Columbia to Baja California. Preferred habitats include tundra and coastal islands in the Arctic during breeding, and salt marshes and estuaries during winter.

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Brant SONGS AND CALLS

Brant I1

Call is a low, hoarse chattering "crronk".

Brant P1

"Cut cut crronk" calls from a resting flock.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"C-r-r-onk, crr-ronk"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Brant is also known as the Brent Goose. The spelling "Brant" is the original one, with "Brent" being a later folk-etymological idea that it was derived from a classical Greek water bird name brenthos. It actually came from the guttural call note of the species.
  • They have the shortest tail of any goose.
  • They possess a highly developed salt gland that allows them to drink salt water.
  • A group of geese has many collective nouns, including a "blizzard", "chevron", "knot", "plump", and "string" of geese.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X