Northern Parula

Setophaga americana

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4

NOPA

Code 6

SETAME

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Northern Parula has a large range, estimated globally at 3,400,000 square kilometers. Native to the Americas and nearby island nations, this bird prefers temperate, subtropical, or tropical forest ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 7,300,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Northern Parula is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Northern Parula: Small, compact warbler with blue-gray upperparts and bronze-green back patch. Throat and breast are yellow, breast band is chestnut-brown and black, belly and undertail coverts are white. White eye-ring is broken. Wings are blue-gray with two white bars. Tail is noticeably short.

 

Range and Habitat

Northern Parula: Breeds from southeastern Canada to the Gulf coast and winters from southern Florida southward into the tropics, including the West Indies and southern portions of Mexico. Preferred breeding habitat includes wet, chiefly coniferous woods, in swamps, and along lakes and ponds. More widespread during migration.

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Northern Parula SONGS AND CALLS

Northern Parula A1

Song variation.

Northern Parula C1

Typical song is a rising, buzzy trill.

Similar Sounding

Black-throated Blue Warbler PP1

Song is a buzzy "zee-zee-zee-zeeeeee".

Cerulean Warbler PP1

Contact call is a buzzy "zeet".


Voice Text

"chip", "tseep"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Northern Parula is one of only a few birds that nests in Spanish moss.
  • Males have a dark bar across their yellow chest. No other warbler has any such marking.
  • One of the smallest warblers, it was originally named the Blue Yellow-backed Warbler.
  • A group of warblers has many collective nouns, including a "bouquet", "confusion", "fall", and "wrench" of warblers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X