Black-necked Stilt

Himantopus mexicanus

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Avocets and Stilts (Recurvirostridae)

Code 4

BNST

Code 6

HIMMEX

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Black-necked Stilt occurs in wetlands in parts of the western and southeastern USA, the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America, and much of South America. Most populations in the USA winter in Mexico or further south. It forages for aquatic invertebrates such as crustaceans, fish and tadpoles in the mud or shallow water. Threats to this species include pollution and human interference in their natural habitat although currently, this species has a large, stable population, and has a conservation status of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Black-necked Stilt: Large shorebird with sharply contrasting black upperparts and white underparts. Long, thin, upcurved bill. Red eyes with white eye-rings, and white patch above. Legs are extremely long and red-pink. Feeds on insects, fish, worms, small crustaceans and seeds. Swift direct flight.

 

Range and Habitat

Black-necked Stilt: Breeds along coasts from Oregon and Delaware southward, and locally in western interior states east to Idaho, Kansas, and Texas. Spends winters along the Pacific coast north to central California, Florida, and other Gulf coast states. Preferred habitats include salt marshes, shallow coastal bays, and freshwater marshes.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"kek-kek-kek", "yip-yip-yip"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Black-necked Stilt was first described 1776 by Philipp Ludwig Statius Müller, a German zoologist.
  • They feed in both salt and fresh water on half webbed feet that allow them to swim, although they rarely do.
  • They have the second-longest legs in proportion to their bodies of any bird, exceeded only by flamingos.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Imran Kahn

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X