Spotted Dove

Streptopelia chinensis

Order

COLUMBIFORMES

Family

Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Code 4

SPDO

Code 6

STRCHI

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

2



Incubation Days:

14



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

Nest is 8 to 40 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Loose platform of twigs.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Spotted Dove: Medium-sized dove with gray-brown upperparts and pink-brown underparts. Head has a pale gray cap, dark eye-line and white-spotted black nape patch. Tail is long and gray with black edges and white corners. Sexes are similar. Juvenile lacks spotted nape. This area is dark gray; nape and crown have a brown wash; back and mantle are gray-brown; feathers on latter have ochre tips; scapulars are brown with ochre tips; primaries and secondaries are brown with buff tips; iris gray yellow; gray bill; legs flesh-pink.

Range and Habitat

Spotted Dove: Native to India through Southeast Asia. Occurs from Santa Barbara south to San Diego along the coast, and inland in the central valley from Fresno south to Bakersfield. Uncommon, but may be found in some California desert oases and riparian areas. Also introduced in Hawaii, northern Indonesia, Australia, and New Zealand. Preferred habitats include suburban areas and parks.

Breeding and Nesting

Spotted Dove: Two white eggs are laid on a flimsy stick platform built in a tree or shrub. Eggs are incubated for 14 days by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Spotted Dove: Their diet is dominated by plant material: mainly seeds, spilled grain, and waste food or scraps. They take berries and seeds directly from shrubs, vines and small trees, or more often after they have fallen to the ground. They use their bill to picks seeds and other food items off the ground, or less commonly, off vegetation.

Readily Eats

Cracked Corn, Sunflower Seed, Nuts, Milo, Thistle

Vocalization

Spotted Dove: Song is a three-syllable, rolling "coo-coo-cooooo."

Similar Species

Spotted Dove: Mourning Dove lacks spotted nape patch.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
MantleX
The upper surface of the back and wings covered with shorter feathers.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
PrimariesX
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
ScapularsX
Short feathers in the area where the bird’s back and wings join.
SecondariesX
Flight feathers that are attached to the wing in the area similar to the human forearm and between the body and the primaries.
RiparianX
Relating to or living or located on the bank of a natural watercourse (as a river) or sometimes of a lake or a tidewater. 
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X