Scripps's Murrelet

Synthliboramphus scrippsi

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Auks, Murres and Puffins (Alcidae)

Code 4

SCMU

Code 6

SYNSCR

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable

The Scripps's Murrelet has a very small range off the coast of California in the United States and extending only so far as the Baja peninsula in Mexico. Though this bird can be found in Canada, Mexico and the United States the California colonies are the only self-sustaining. The global population of this bird is estimated to be only a few thousand breeding pairs. This equates to roughly 39,700 total individuals. This species is a marine bird and can be found in coastal waters and along sea cliffs. Currently, it is believed that the population trends for this bird will continue to face severe challenges and due to this, population trends for the name have a present evaluation level of Vulnerable.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Scripps’s Murrelet: Medium-sized Murrelet with black upperparts and white cheeks, throat, underparts, and underwing coverts. Bill is dark and thin. Eyes are brown with broken white eye-rings. Legs and feet are black. Feeds on small crustaceans and fish. Swift direct low flight with rapid wing beats. Xantus's Murrelet was split in 2007 by the AOU into the Guadalupe Murrelet and Scripp's Murrelet.

 

Range and Habitat

Scripps’s Murrelet: Breeds off the coast of southern California, Baja California, and Mexico. Occasionally wanders north to Vancouver Island. Habitats include steep cliffs above the sea, as well as on slopes and canyons select areas, where there is a sparse cover of shrubs and herbs. During winter, they can be found offshore.

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Scripps's Murrelet SONGS AND CALLS

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

Generally silent

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Scripps's Murrelet spends all its time out to sea, coming into shore only to breed.
  • A group of auks has many collective nouns, including a "colony", "loomery", and "raft" of auks.
  • The chicks are not fed at the nest, they leave the nest for the ocean to fend for themselves 48 hours after hatching.
  • The largest colony of Scripps’s Murrelet is on Santa Barbara Island.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X