Ring-necked Pheasant

Phasianus colchicus

Order

GALLIFORMES

Family

Turkeys and Grouse (Phasianidae)

Code 4

RNEP

Code 6

PHACOL

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Unknown

The Ring-necked Pheasant is the state bird for South Dakota in the United States. It is a popular game bird, and is a subspecies of the Common Pheasant. However, this bird is native to Asia; it has only been introduced in other areas of the world. It will sometimes form loose flocks when not in breeding season. Diets consist of fruit, seeds, leaves, invertebrates, and small vertebrates such as snakes, lizards, small mammals and birds. Nests are built on the ground, but hens find shelter in trees at night when not roosting. The conservation rating for this bird is Least Concern.

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BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Ring-necked Pheasant: Large, chicken-like pheasant with metallic-brown body, iridescent green head, white neck ring, and bright red eye patch and wattles. The tail is very long and pointed. It was first introduced to California from Asia as a game bird in 1857. Very popular bird for hunting.


Range and Habitat

Ring-necked Pheasant: Native to Asia; found from southern British Columbia, Alberta, Minnesota, Ontario, and Maritime Provinces south to central California, the Midwest states, northern Texas, and the mid-Atlantic states. Preferred habitats include farmlands, pastures, and grassy woodland edges. Declining in parts of its eastern range.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"caw-cawk"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Ring-necked Pheasant is the state bird of South Dakota.
  • Ring-necked Pheasants are able to stay on a roost for several days without eating if the weather is very bad.
  • Breeding males will keep other males away from a small group of females during the breeding season. This practice is known as "harem-defense polygyny."
  • A group of pheasants has many collective nouns, including a "bouquet", "brace", "plume", "plump", and "trip" of pheasants.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Ring-necked Pheasant

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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ChestX
Also called the breast area, it is the frontal area on the body containing the breastplate and major flight muscles.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X