Marbled Murrelet

Brachyramphus marmoratus

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Auks, Murres and Puffins (Alcidae)

Code 4

MAMU

Code 6

BRAMAR

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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Copyright © 2018 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Endangered

The Marbled Murrelet has a small range, confined to the United States and Canada, to which it is native. This bird prefers forest, wetland, and marine ecosystems. The global population of this bird is still large, but recent rapid population declines necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Marbled Murrelet is Endangered.

SUMMARY

Overview

Marbled Murrelet: Small, chubby seabird with dark brown mottled upperparts and paler, white-tipped brown feathers on underparts, giving a wavy-barred appearance. Bill is dark. Legs and feet are brown. Feeds on fish and crustaceans. Swift direct flight low over the water on rapid wing beats.

 

Range and Habitat

Marbled Murrelet: This species breeds from the outer Aleutians Islands south along the Pacific coast of North America to central California. A few winter along breeding coasts and further south, but main wintering area is poorly documented. Preferred breeding habitat is in coastal rain forests and inland waters.

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Marbled Murrelet SONGS AND CALLS

Marbled Murrelet GGG1

"Keer" calls given in flight.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"kree", "meer-meer-meer-meer'

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Marbled Murrelet was once known as the "Australian Bumble Bee" by fishermen and as the "fogbird" or "fog lark" by loggers.
  • Though it was first described in 1789, a nest site wasn't discovered until 1961 by ornithologists in Asia; a North American nest was not found until 1974.
  • The egg, however, was known in 1898, when a bird was shot that contained a complete egg in its oviduct.
  • A group of auks has many collective nouns, including a "colony", "loomery", and "raft" of auks.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X