Long-billed Murrelet

Brachyramphus perdix

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Auks, Murres and Puffins (Alcidae)

Code 4

LBMU

Code 6

BRAPER

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Near Threatened

The Long-billed Murrelet has a small breeding range, confined from the Sea of Okhotsk in Japan to the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia. Native to China, Japan, Korea, and the Russian Federation and introduced to Switzerland, this bird prefers forest and marine ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated in the tens of thousands and shows significant signs of decline that necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Long-billed Murrelet is Near Threatened.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Long-billed Murrelet: Small seabird with dark brown upperparts and darker brown barring, paler throat and white eye-ring. Underparts are lighter brown with brown barring. Straight black bill. Legs and feet are brown. Strong fast direct flight, often close to the water on rapid wing beats.

 

Range and Habitat

Long Billed Murrelet: Breeds in old growth forests of eastern Russia, winters south to Japan. Rare to casual occurrences reported throughout North America, especially in fall and winter. Sightings have occurred from Alaska to Florida. Preferred habitats include lakes and rivers, oceans, rocky places, coniferous and open forests.

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Long-billed Murrelet SONGS AND CALLS

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"meer-meer"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Long-billed Murrelet often nests far inland in old growth forests.
  • Until recently, it was grouped with Marbled Murrelet as a single species but is now given full-species status based on phylogenetic, evolutionary and biological criteria.
  • Interestingly, when first recognized in the middle of the 19th Century, Marbled and Long-billed Murrelets were treated as separate species.
  • A group of auks has many collective nouns, including a "colony", "loomery", and "raft" of auks.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X