Chestnut-collared Longspur

Calcarius ornatus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Longspurs and Snow Buntings (Calcariidae)

Code 4

CCLO

Code 6

CALORN

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Near Threatened

The Chestnut-collared Longspur is currently rated as Near Threatened. This bird prefers the north central region of the United States and central Canada. The Chestnut-collared Longspur migrates to Mexico and southern portions of the United States during winter. The Chestnut-collared Longspur tends to travel in flocks. The primary reason that this bird is currently rated as Near Threatened is loss of habitat, which has become fairly common with many prairie birds.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Chestnut-collared Longspur: Small, sparrow-like bird with brown-streaked upperparts, black breast and flanks, some have chestnut on underparts, pale gray belly. Face is buff with black stripe behind eye. Nape is chestnut-brown, crown is black, and throat is white. Tail is black with strongly contrasting white outer tail feathers.

 

Range and Habitat

Chestnut-collared Longspur: Breeds in northern plains from Alberta and Manitoba south to northern Colorado. Spends winters from southeastern Colorado and Kansas south to Texas and northern Mexico and west to southern California. Dry elevated prairies and short-grass plains are its preferred habitats.

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Chestnut-collared Longspur SONGS AND CALLS

Chestnut-collared Longspur A1

Song is a short and descending musical warble.

Chestnut-collared Longspur A2

Rapid "tri-ri-rip" call.

Similar Sounding

Lapland Longspur P1

Song is a series of squeaky, loud notes.

McCown's Longspur C3

Song consists of musical phrases and twitters.


Voice Text

"kit-tal-kit tal"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Chestnut-collared Longspur bred historically at sites recently grazed by bison or disturbed by fire. Even today, it avoids nesting in areas protected from grazing, preferring pastures and mowed areas such as airstrips, as well as grazed native prairie habitats.
  • The male displays by flying into the air, circling and fluttering, then singing in descent with tail spread wide; he will often repeat this performance several times without landing.
  • The name Longspur refers to the elongated claw of the hind toe.
  • A group of longspurs are collectively known as a "drive" of longspurs.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X