Short-billed Dowitcher

Limnodromus griseus

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

SBDO

Code 6

LIMGRI

ITIS

Egg Color:

Buff green or brown with brown speckles.



Number of Eggs:

4



Incubation Days:

21



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

On ground.



Nest Material:

Sticks, leaves, and grasses.



Migration:

Migratory



SPONSORED ADVERTISEMENTS

General

Short-billed Dowitcher: Large sandpiper with gray, black, brown and red-brown mottled upperparts, white rump, and red-brown underparts with heavy spots and bars. East and west coast birds have more heavily barred and spotted, paler underparts and usually show white bellies. Bill is long, straight and dark. Legs are long and dark yellow-green. Sexes are similar. East and west coast birds' winter adult is gray with fewer spots. Juvenile resembles breeding adult but is much paler and has white belly.

Range and Habitat

Short-billed Dowitcher: Breeds in southern Alaska, central interior Canada, and northern Quebec. Spends winters along coasts of California and Virginia southward along the Gulf Coast, West Indies, Baja Peninsula, and coastal Mexico. Preferred habitats include mudflats, creeks, salt marshes, and tidal estuaries.

Breeding and Nesting

Short-billed Dowitcher: Four brown-speckled, buff green or brown eggs are laid in a ground depression lined with grass and moss. Eggs are incubated for 21 days by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Short-billed Dowitcher: Their diet consists of larvae and pupae of Diptera, crab eggs, snails, beetles, other insects and plant material, particularly seeds. They forage by rapid, vertical probing in soft mud or water. They most commonly probe around themselves with pivoting movements of the body. Food is captured and swallowed under substrate, except for worms, which are pulled to the surface.

Vocalization

Short-billed Dowitcher: Song is a soft "tu-tu-tu."

Similar Species

Short-billed Dowitcher: Long-billed Dowitcher has barred flanks, rust-brown belly, thin, white wing stripes visible in flight, and longer bill. Best distinguished by voice.

.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X