Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Order

FALCONIFORMES

Family

Kites, Eagles and Hawks (Accipitridae)

Code 4

BAEA

Code 6

HALLEU

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Bald Eagle is native to Mexico, Canada and the United States. It is also native to Saint Pierre and Miquelon. It has been seen in the US Virgin Islands as well as Puerto Rico, Bermuda, Ireland and Belize. The range of this bird is thought to be around 9 million square kilometers. The Bald Eagle's population in the United States declined through the 1960s as a result of habitat destruction and hunting. During the past three decades, the population has seen significant increase and the Bald Eagle now has a rating of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Bald Eagle: Large, hawk-like bird, dark brown body and white head, tail. Heavy bill, legs, feet, eyes are yellow. Hunts for fish, which it sometimes steals from ospreys. Eats carrion and crippled or injured squirrels, rabbits, muskrats and waterfowl. Flap-and-glide flight, also soars on thermals.


Range and Habitat

Bald Eagle: Breeds from Alaska to Newfoundland and south to the Gulf Coast. Moves south from northern breeding grounds during winters. Preferred habitats include open water areas that support large numbers of waterfowl or fish. Threatened by DDT, shooting, and loss of habitat, in the 1950s there were only 412 nesting pairs in the lower 48 states.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"kleek-kik-ik-ik", "kak-kak-kak"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Bald Eagle has been the symbol of the United States of America since 1782.
  • At one time, the word “bald” (balde) meant white—not hairless—referring to the white head and upper neck of the adult Bald Eagle.
  • They can live up to 40 years in the wild and even longer in captivity.
  • A group of eagles has many collective nouns, including an "aerie", "convocation", "jubilee", "soar", and "tower" of eagles.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Bald Eagle

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
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