Dunlin

Calidris alpina

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

DUNL

Code 6

CALALP

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Dunlin has a large range, estimated globally at 1,000,000 to 10,000,000 square kilometers. It is native to the nations of Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America but has been spotted in parts of Australia and Central America. This bird prefers wetland and marine ecosystems, though it has been known to reside in pastureland and wastewater treatment areas. The global population of this bird is estimated at 4,200,000 to 6,400,000 individuals and it does not appear to meet population size or decline criteria that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. The current evaluation status of the Dunlin is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Dunlin: This is a medium-sized bird with black-streaked, red-brown upperparts, a black belly patch and a streaked breast. The black bill is long and slightly decurved. The legs and feet are black. It wades in shallows and uses its bill to probe and pick up food. The diet includes marine worms, crustaceans and mollusks. It has a swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. The sexes are similar.

 

Range and Habitat

Dunlin: Breeds along the arctic coast from western and northern Alaska east to Hudson Bay. Spends winters along coastlines from southern Alaska and Massachusetts southward to Mexico; also found in parts of Eurasia. Nests on tundra and winters on beaches, mudflats, sand flats, inland lakes, and river shores.

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Dunlin SONGS AND CALLS

Dunlin L1

Calls from a small flock.

Dunlin C1

Flight call is a repeated, high-pitched "krree".

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Cheezp", "kreeep", "treezp", "kree"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Dunlin flocks are often huge, and are most impressive when they display their coordinated aerial maneuvers trying to escape predation by Peregrine Falcons and Merlins.
  • Hybrids between this species and the White-rumped Sandpiper as well as with the Purple Sandpiper have been reported from the Atlantic coasts of North America and Europe.
  • A group of dunlins are collectively known as a "flight", "fling", and "trip" of dunlins.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X