Tufted Puffin

Fratercula cirrhata

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Auks, Murres and Puffins (Alcidae)

Code 4

TUPU

Code 6

FRACIR

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Tufted Puffin has a large range, estimated globally at 100,000 to 1,000,000 square kilometers. Native to Russian Federation, Japan, the United States and Canada, this bird prefers neritic, oceanic, intertidal, or coastal marine ecosystems as well as rocky areas. The global population of this bird is estimated at 2,400,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Tufted Puffin is Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Tufted Puffin: Medium-sized seabird, black overall except for white face and glossy yellow plumes behind eyes. Large bill, mostly bright red with yellow and sometimes green markings. Legs and feet are bright orange. Feeds on fish, crustaceans, mollusks, squid and algae. Strong direct flight.

 

Range and Habitat

Tufted Puffin: Form dense breeding colonies during the reproductive season from British Columbia, throughout southeastern Alaska and the Aleutian Islands, Kamchatka, the Kuril Islands and throughout the Sea of Okhotsk. Prefer select islands or cliffs, with soft soil and grass that are close to productive waters and high enough that they can take to the air successfully.

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Tufted Puffin SONGS AND CALLS

Tufted Puffin Silent

Generally silent except on breeding grounds.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

Generally silent

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Tufted Puffins are the size of pigeons, but weigh nearly twice as much.
  • They were historically hunted for food. In the past, skins were used to make tough parkas worn feather side in.
  • When taking food to their young, they usually hold about 10 fish in their mouths while returning to the nest, but they have been observed carrying up to 60 fish in their bills at one time.
  • A group of puffins has many collective nouns, including a "burrow", "circus", "colony", "improbability", and "puffinry" of puffins.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X