Bank Swallow

Riparia riparia

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Swallows (Hirundinidae)

Code 4

BANS

Code 6

RIPRIP

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

3 - 7



Incubation Days:

14 - 16



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

In sandy or rocky bank, grave pit, or man-made embankment.



Nest Material:

Lined with grass, rootlets, weed stems, horsehair, and feathers.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Bank Swallow: Small swallow with brown upperparts, white underparts that curl up onto throat, and brown breast band. Tail is notched. Sexes are similar. Juvenile has faint wing-bars and a grizzled appearance on head.

Range and Habitat

Bank Swallow: Breeds from Alaska across northern Canada south to California, Texas, Virginia and North Carolina. Spends winters in the tropics and the in parts of Europe. Generally found near water, both during breeding and in migration. Preferred habitats include riverbanks, creeks, seashores and lakes.

Breeding and Nesting

Bank Swallow: Three to seven white eggs are laid in a grass and feather nest in a chamber at the end of a deep tunnel, usually near the top of a steep bank. Nests in colonies; nesting banks may sometimes appear riddled with holes. Incubation ranges from 14 to 16 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Bank Swallow: Feeds mostly on flying insects such as termites, treehoppers, leafhoppers, beetles, moths, and flies that it captures on the wing. Occasionally preys upon spiders or ants if there is a scarcity of aerial prey; forages singly or in flocks.

Vocalization

Bank Swallow: Song is a sharp, unmusical "pret" or "trit-trit".

Similar Species

Bank Swallow: Northern Rough-winged and immature Tree swallows are generally larger and lack dark breast band.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X