Violet-crowned Hummingbird

Amazilia violiceps

Order

APODIFORMES

Family

Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Code 4

VCHU

Code 6

AMAVIO

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

2



Incubation Days:

13 - 15



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

6 - 42 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Plant down and twigs bound with spider webbing.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Violet-crowned Hummingbird: Medium-sized hummingbird with iridescent bronze-green upperparts and white underparts. Cap is purple-blue; throat is white and lacks gorget feathers. Bill is bright red with black tip. Female has duller crown.

Range and Habitat

Violet-crowned Hummingbird: This species breeds from southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico south into central Mexico. Northernmost birds migrate south into Mexico during winters. This is typically a mountain-dwelling species, and its preferred habitats include canyons, arid scrub, and streamside growth.

Breeding and Nesting

Violet-crowned Hummingbird: Two white eggs are laid in a downy, lichen-covered nest built on a horizontal branch. Incubation ranges from 13 to 15 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Violet-crowned Hummingbird: Feeds on nectar and insects; forages while hovering.

Readily Eats

Sugar Water, Commercial instant nectars

Vocalization

Violet-crowned Hummingbird: Call is a loud chatter.

Similar Species

Violet-crowned Hummingbird: Red-based bill, white underparts, and purple crown distinguish this species from other North American hummingbirds.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
GorgetX
A small iridescent patch on the throat of a hummingbird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X