Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Archilochus colubris

Order

APODIFORMES

Family

Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Code 4

RTHU

Code 6

ARCCOL

ITIS

  • wgba_banner
  • ibird_banner
  • journal_banner
1 2 3

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2004 - 2017 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is a small bird that is the only hummingbird found nesting east of the Mississippi River of the United States. This species breeds throughout eastern North America and Canadian prairies. The preferred habitat includes deciduous and pine forests and edges of woodlands, orchards and gardens. Nests are built in a hidden location among shrubs and trees. These birds migrate south in winter months to southern Mexico, Central America and South America. Their diets consist mainly of nectar from flowers and tree flora, but they will occasionally eat insects and tree sap. The conservation rating of the Ruby-throated Hummingbird is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Ruby-throated Hummingbird: Medium hummingbird, iridescent green upperparts, head, flanks. Underparts are pale gray, paler breast, green wash on sides, belly; throat is bright red with black chin. Tail is dark, forked. Feeds primarily on nectar. Direct and hovering flight with very rapid wing beats.

 

Range and Habitat

Ruby-throated Hummingbird: Breeds from southern Canada across the central and eastern states to the Gulf Coast; only hummingbird that breeds east of the Mississippi River. Spends winters mainly in the tropics from coastal southern Mexico south, and rarely on the Gulf Coast. Found in woodlands, orchards, and gardens.

whatbird search for your browser

Ruby-throated Hummingbird SONGS AND CALLS

Ruby-throated Hummingbird A1

Female calls and sounds from male display dives.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird UU1

Squeaky "chee, dit" and chatter calls.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"chip-chip-chip-chip-chip"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Ruby-throated Hummingbird female lays eggs about the size of peas.
  • Their migration north appears to be timed according to the appearance of certain flowers along their route.
  • These birds can fly fast either forward or backward and are also capable of hovering.
  • A group of hummingbirds has many collective nouns, including a "bouquet", "glittering", "hover", "shimmer", and a "tune" of hummingbirds.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
GorgetX
A small iridescent patch on the throat of a hummingbird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X