Costa's Hummingbird

Calypte costae

Order

APODIFORMES

Family

Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Code 4

COHU

Code 6

CALCOS

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Costa's Hummingbird has a large range, estimated globally at 560,000 square kilometers. It is native to the nations of North America and prefers savanna, shrubland, grassland, and desert ecosystems, though it has been known to reside in rural and urban areas. The global population of this bird is 3,600,000 individuals and it does not appear to meet population decline criteria that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. The current evaluation status of Costa's Hummingbird is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Costa's Hummingbird: Medium hummingbird with green back, pale gray underparts and dull green flanks. Crown and throat patch are brilliant metallic purple. Straight black bill. Tail is green with black outer tail feathers. Legs and feet are black. Feeds on nectar, spiders, sap and insects. Direct and hovering flight with very rapid wing beats.


Range and Habitat

Costa's Hummingbird: This species breeds in southwestern North America from central California, southern Nevada, and southwestern Utah southward into Baja California and coastal Mexico. It spends winters in southern California and Mexico. They prefer arid habitats supporting Joshua trees and cholla cacti.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"chip-chip-chip-chip"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Costa's Hummingbird was named after French nobleman Louis Marie Pantaleon Costa, Marquis de Beauregard.
  • A group of hummingbirds has many collective nouns, including a “bouquet", "glittering", "hover", "shimmer", and "tune” of hummingbirds.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Costa's Hummingbird

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
GorgetX
A small iridescent patch on the throat of a hummingbird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X