Broad-tailed Hummingbird

Selasphorus platycercus

Order

APODIFORMES

Family

Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Code 4

BTAH

Code 6

SELPLA

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

2



Incubation Days:

14 - 17



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

4 - 15 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Plant down and spider's silk.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Broad-tailed Hummingbird: Medium-sized hummingbird with green upperparts and flanks, iridescent red throat, and gray underparts. Dark green tail may show some rufous. Female is larger with pale orange-brown underparts and lightly speckled throat. Dark green and rufous tail has white-tipped outer tail feathers.

Range and Habitat

Broad-tailed Hummingbird: Breeds in the mountains from eastern California and Idaho through the Great Basin and Rocky Mountain states to southern Arizona, western Texas and Mexico. Northern birds migrate to Mexico for the winter. Preferred habitats include mountain meadows, pinyon-juniper woodlands, dry ponderosa pines, fir or mixed forests, and canyon vegetation.

Breeding and Nesting

Broad-tailed Hummingbird: Two white eggs are laid in a woven cup nest made of lichens and plant down. Incubation ranges from 14 to 17 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Broad-tailed Hummingbird: Feeds on floral nectar and small insects. Dominated by other hummingbirds on wintering grounds and often forced to forage on less preferred flowers.

Readily Eats

Sugar Water, Commercial instant nectars

Vocalization

Broad-tailed Hummingbird: Call is a sharp "chick."

Similar Species

Broad-tailed Hummingbird: Male Ruby-throated Hummingbird has deeper red throat and black mask. Female has white stripe behind eye, as opposed to brown stripe of female Rufous and Allen's hummingbirds.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X