Broad-billed Hummingbird

Cynanthus latirostris

Order

APODIFORMES

Family

Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Code 4

BBIH

Code 6

CYNLAT

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

2



Incubation Days:

14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

3 - 9 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Grasses, lined with plant down, parts of leaves, and bark.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Broad-billed Hummingbird: Medium-sized hummingbird with metallic green body and vibrant blue throat. Bill is bright red with black tip. Tail is black, forked, and has white undertail coverts. Female and juvenile have metallic green upperparts, gray underparts, and white eye-line.

Range and Habitat

Broad-billed Hummingbird: This species breeds in southeastern Arizona, southwestern New Mexico, and throughout much of Mexico. Spends winters south of the U.S.-Mexico border. Strays have been recorded from southern California east to Louisiana. Its referred habitats include canyons, foothills, and streambeds.

Breeding and Nesting

Broad-billed Hummingbird: Two white eggs are laid in a rough, loosely woven cup nest built on a vertical branch in a streamside tree. Female incubates eggs for about 14 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Broad-billed Hummingbird: Diet is primarily nectar from flowers such as ocotillo and paintbrushes; also eats small insects such as aphids, leafhoppers, and root gnats; forages while hovering. Consumes up to 3 times its own body weight each day.

Readily Eats

Sugar Water

Vocalization

Broad-billed Hummingbird: Song is a rapid, scratching "chi-dit."

Similar Species

Broad-billed Hummingbird: The White-eared Hummingbird has broader white stripe behind the eye.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X