Western Sandpiper

Calidris mauri

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

WESA

Code 6

CALMAU

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Western Sandpiper is a small shorebird that breeds on the tundra in eastern Siberia and Alaska. Nests are usually built on the ground, hidden under low vegetation. During winter months, this species will migrate southward to the eastern and western coasts of North America and South America. Rare specimens have also been spotted in Western Europe. Food is foraged on the mudflats or probed in the shallow water and soil. Diets consist mainly of insects, crustaceans and mollusks. The conservation rating for the Western Sandpiper is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Western Sandpiper: This small sandpiper has chestnut-brown, scaled upperparts, white underparts dotted with rows of dark chevrons, streaked head with brown wash on face, dark bill with decurved tip, thin white stripes visible on dark wings in flight, black legs and feet, and partial webbing between toes. Eats mostly flies and beetles. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. Sexes are similar.

 

Range and Habitat

Western Sandpiper: This species breeds in extreme northern and western Alaska. It spends winters mainly along the coasts from British Columbia, Washington, and Virginia southward to South America and throughout Mexico and the West Indies. Its referred habitats include shores, mudflats, grassy pools, and wet meadows.

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Western Sandpiper SONGS AND CALLS

Western Sandpiper A1

Song is a rising series of "tweer" notes followed by a falling, buzzy trill.

Western Sandpiper A2

Agressive calls from two males.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Cheep", "kreep"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Western Sandpiper was first described in 1857 by Jean Louis Cabanis, a German ornithologist.
  • This is one of the most abundant shorebird species in North America with a population in the millions.
  • A group of sandpipers has many collective nouns, including a "bind", "contradiction", "fling", "hill", and "time-step" of sandpipers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X