American Robin

Turdus migratorius




Thrushes (Turdidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Pale blue sometimes flecked with brown

Number of Eggs:

3 - 7

Incubation Days:

12 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

In trees, buildings, or nest boxes.

Nest Material:

Lined with fine material., Grasses and mud.





American Robin: Large, familiar North American thrush with gray-brown upperparts, rich red-brown breast, and white lower belly and undertail coverts. Head appears black with white splotches surrounding the eyes, and throat is white with black streaks. Female is slightly paler and duller than male. Juvenile has brown-spotted, pale rufous-brown underparts.

Range and Habitat

American Robin: Breeds from Alaska and the Northwest Territories east to Newfoundland and south to California, Texas, Florida, and South Carolina. Usually spends winters from extreme southern Canada south to central Mexico. Preferred habitats include towns, gardens, open woodlands, and agricultural lands.

Breeding and Nesting

American Robin: Three to seven pale blue eggs, sometimes flecked with brown, are laid in a well-made cup of mud reinforced with grass and twigs, lined with softer grass, and built in a tree or on a ledge. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by the female. Robins usually have two broods per season.

Foraging and Feeding

American Robin: Feeds on wild and cultivated fruits, berries, earthworms, and insects such as beetle grubs, caterpillars, and grasshoppers; appears to "listen” to the ground by cocking its head when stalking earthworms.


American Robin: Song is a series of rich caroling notes, rising and falling in pitch: "cheer-up, cheerily, cheer-up, cheerily."

Similar Species

American Robin: Rufous-backed Robin has rufous back and black-tipped yellow bill. Varied Thrush has dark band across breast and orange wing bars.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X