American Robin

Turdus migratorius

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Thrushes (Turdidae)

Code 4

AMRO

Code 6

TURMIG

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The American Robin has been found to be native to Mexico, Canada, Cuba, Bermuda, Guatemala and the Bahamas. It has also been seen in other countries such as Haiti, Ireland, Norway, Iceland and Puerto Rico. The range of the American Robin is quite extensive, reaching up to 16 million square kilometers. There is not any current concern regarding the possible population decline of the American Robin due to the fact that the global population is so large, around 320 million. It has an evaluation rating of Least Concern as a result of the large population.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

American Robin: Large, familiar North American thrush, gray-brown upperparts, rich red-brown breast, and white lower belly and undertail coverts. Head appears black with white splotches surrounding the eyes, and throat is white with black streaks. Juvenile has heavily spotted underparts. Swift, direct flight on rapidly beating wings.


Range and Habitat

American Robin: Breeds from Alaska and the Northwest Territories east to Newfoundland and south to California, Texas, Florida, and South Carolina. Usually spends winters from extreme southern Canada south to central Mexico. Preferred habitats include towns, gardens, open woodlands, and agricultural lands.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"cheerily cheer-up cheerio"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • During breeding season, male American Robins grow black feathers on their heads to attract females. Once the mating season is over, these feathers are lost.
  • There is a Crayola crayon named Robin’s Egg Blue.
  • These birds have been observed wading belly deep in water to catch small fish.
  • A group of robins are collectively known as a "worm" of robins.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for American Robin

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X