American Robin

Turdus migratorius

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Thrushes (Turdidae)

Code 4

AMRO

Code 6

TURMIG

ITIS

  • wgba_banner
  • ibird_banner
  • journal_banner
1 2 3

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2004 - 2016 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The American Robin has a very large breeding range of 9,470,000 square kilometers. This includes a wide variety of wooded and edge habitats in Alaska, Canada, the United States, and mountainous areas in Mexico. It has also occurred as a vagrant to Europe and the Caribbean. Northern populations are mainly short distance migrants to the United States and central Mexico. There is not any current concern regarding the possible population decline of the American Robin due to the fact that the global population is around 320 million. It has a conservation rating of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

American Robin: Large, familiar North American thrush, gray-brown upperparts, rich red-brown breast, and white lower belly and undertail coverts. Head appears black with white splotches surrounding the eyes, and throat is white with black streaks. Juvenile has heavily spotted underparts. Swift, direct flight on rapidly beating wings.

 

Range and Habitat

American Robin: Breeds from Alaska and the Northwest Territories east to Newfoundland and south to California, Texas, Florida, and South Carolina. Usually spends winters from extreme southern Canada south to central Mexico. Preferred habitats include towns, gardens, open woodlands, and agricultural lands.

whatbird search for your browser

SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"cheerily cheer-up cheerio"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • During breeding season, male American Robins grow black feathers on their heads to attract females. Once the mating season is over, these feathers are lost.
  • There is a Crayola crayon named Robin’s Egg Blue.
  • These birds have been observed wading belly deep in water to catch small fish.
  • A group of robins are collectively known as a "worm" of robins.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X