Purple Finch

Haemorhous purpureus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

PUFI

Code 6

CARPUR

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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Copyright © 2004 - 2017 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Purple Finch has a large range, estimated globally at 4,500,000 square kilometers. Native to North America, as well as Saint Pierre and Miquelon, this bird prefers Boreal or Temperate forest ecosystems as well as arable or pastureland, plantations, and even rural and urban areas. The global population of this bird is estimated at 3,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Purple Finch is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Purple Finch: Medium finch, rose-red body, brown streaks on nape, back. Sides, flanks, belly are dull white with red wash; sides show thick, faint streaks. Brown wings, notched tail. Female is brown streaked overall. Eats seeds, fruits, insects and caterpillars. Swift flight, alternates rapid wing beats with wings pulled to sides.

 

Range and Habitat

Purple Finch: Breeds from southern Yukon east to Newfoundland, southward in the western mountains to California and from eastern Minnesota east to West Virginia. Spends winters south to the U.S.-Mexico border. Preferred habitats include mixed and coniferous woodlands and ornamental conifers located in gardens.

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SONGS AND CALLS

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The iBird apps are priced from free to $9.99 and are available for these platforms:

APPLE PHONE OR TABLET

iBird Ultimate Guide to Birds of North America
iBird Pro Guide to Birds of North America

ANDROID PHONE OR TABLET

iBird Pro Guide to Birds of North America


Voice Text

"tick"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Purple Finch populations in the Eastern United States have declined dramatically due to competition with the House Finch.
  • It is the state bird of New Hampshire.
  • Males may hop as high as 12 inches in the air while puffing their chest and cocking their tails to attract a mate.
  • A group of finches has many collective nouns, including a "charm", "company", and "trembling" of finches.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X