Violet-green Swallow

Tachycineta thalassina

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Swallows (Hirundinidae)

Code 4

VGSW

Code 6

TACTHA

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

4 - 6



Incubation Days:

13 - 14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

In a natural cavity, abandoned woodpecker hole, or nest box.



Nest Material:

Grass and weed stems lined with feathers.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Violet-green Swallow: Small swallow with dark, metallic green upperparts and iridescent purple rump. Face, sides of rump, and underparts are white. Tail is slightly forked. Female is duller.

Range and Habitat

Violet-green Swallow: Breeds from Alaska south through Yukon and British Columbia, the western states, and into northern Mexico. Spends winters mainly south of the U.S.-Mexico border, but a few winter in southern California. Preferred habitats include forests, wooded foothills, mountains, and suburban areas.

Breeding and Nesting

Violet-green Swallow: Four to six white eggs are laid in a grass-and-feather nest built in a woodpecker or natural cavity, under an eave of a building, or in a nest box. Incubation ranges from 13 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Violet-green Swallow: Diet mainly consists of leafhoppers, beetles, wasps, ants, flies, and bees. Forages in flight, often above the tree canopy; occasionally feeds on the ground.

Vocalization

Violet-green Swallow: Call is a high "dee-chip" given in flight. Also emits a series of varying "tweet" notes.

Similar Species

Violet-green Swallow: Tree Swallow lacks white cheeks and rump.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X