Violet-green Swallow

Tachycineta thalassina

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Swallows (Hirundinidae)

Code 4

VGSW

Code 6

TACTHA

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Violet-green Swallow has a large range, estimated globally at 6,100,000 square kilometers. Native to the Americas, this bird prefers subtropical or tropical shrubland, grassland, or forest ecosystems as well as hot deserts and intertidal marine areas such as mud and salt flats. The global population of this bird is estimated at 11,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Violet-green Swallow is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Violet-green Swallow: Small swallow, dark, metallic green upperparts, iridescent purple rump. Face, sides of rump, underparts are white. Tail is slightly forked. Black bill, legs and feet. Swift, graceful flight, alternates several quick wing beats with long glides. Soars on thermals and updrafts.

 

Range and Habitat

Violet-green Swallow: Breeds from Alaska south through Yukon and British Columbia, the western states, and into northern Mexico. Spends winters mainly south of the U.S.-Mexico border, but a few winter in southern California. Preferred habitats include forests, wooded foothills, mountains, and suburban areas.

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Violet-green Swallow SONGS AND CALLS

Violet-green Swallow A1

Twittering "chee-chee-chee" calls given by a bird at dawn.

Violet-green Swallow A2

Rapid calls from three birds in flight.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"dee-chip", "tweet"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Violet-green Swallow was first described in 1827 by William Swainson, a British naturalist.
  • A pair was observed assisting a pair of Western Bluebirds in raising young. The swallows guarded the nest and tended the bluebird nestlings, and after they fledged, used the nest site for their own young.
  • A group of swallows has many collective nouns, including a "gulp", "herd", "kettle", "richness", and "sord" of swallows.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X