Lesser Goldfinch

Spinus psaltria

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline and Cardueline Finches and Allies (Fringillidae)

Code 4

LEGO

Code 6

CARPSA

ITIS

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Breeding Location:

Forest edge, Grassland with scattered trees, Grasslands



Breeding Type:

Monogamous



Breeding Population:



Egg Color:

Light blue



Number of Eggs:

3 - 6



Incubation Days:

12



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Material:

Plant fibers, grasses, and bark pieces with lining of feathers.



Migration:

Northern birds migrate



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General

Lesser Goldfinch: Small finch with dark back (black in the east, dark green in the west), black crown, and bright yellow underparts. Wings and tail are black with white markings. Winter male is duller. Female is smaller, duller, and lacks black cap. Juvenile is similar to female but has greener underparts.

Range and Habitat

Lesser Goldfinch: Resident from Washington, Oregon, and northern Nevada east to northern Colorado and Texas, and south beyond the U.S.-Mexico border. Eastern race is found from northern Colorado southward through Texas and westward to Utah and Arizona. Western race occurs from Utah westward to Columbia River. Preferred habitats include oak savannas and woodlands.

Breeding and Nesting

Lesser Goldfinch: Three to six light blue eggs are laid in a twiggy nest built in a bush or low tree. Incubation is approximately 12 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Lesser Goldfinch: Diet consists mostly of seeds.

Readily Eats

Peanuts, Suet, Millet, Thistle, Fruit, Sunflower Seeds (hulled)

Vocalization

Lesser Goldfinch: Song is a rapid medley of twittering notes. Call is a plaintive "tee-yee" or "cheeo."

Similar Species

Lesser Goldfinch: Female and juvenile American Goldfinches have browner upperparts, pale bills, and lack white wing patches.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X