Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Swallows (Hirundinidae)

Code 4

BARS

Code 6

HIRRUS

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Barn Swallow has a very large breeding range of 43,400,000 square kilometers. It breeds in a variety of open and urban habitats in Alaska, Canada, and the United States south to central Mexico, Europe, northern Africa, and central and eastern Asia. This species winters in a variety of open habitats in Central and South America, sub-Saharan Africa, southern Asia, and Indonesia, and parts of Australia, and has an estimated population of 190,000,000 individuals. On account of its huge population and range, the Barn Swallow has a conservation rating of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Barn Swallow: Medium swallow with glittering blue-black upperparts, red-brown forehead, chin and throat. Dark blue-black breast band, belly is white to orange. Tail is deeply forked with long outer streamers. Black legs and feet. It is the most abundant and widely distributed swallow in the world.

 

Range and Habitat

Barn Swallow: Breeds from southern Alaska east across Canada to Newfoundland and south throughout most of the U.S. and into northern Mexico; spends winters in the tropics from southern Mexico to areas south and in Eurasia. Preferred habitats include agricultural lands, suburban areas, marshes, and lakeshores.

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Barn Swallow SONGS AND CALLS

Barn Swallow J1

"Cheep" calls made by an adult visiting its nest.

Barn Swallow VV1

Alarm call is a repeated "chi-deep".

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

" chi-dit, chi-dit", "wit-wit"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Females prefer to mate with males that have the longest and most symmetrical tails and a dark red chest color.
  • The killing of Barn Swallows for their feathers was one of the problems that led to the founding of the Audubon Society and the passage of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.MW
  • When building the mud nest, both male and female make up to 1000 trips collecting mud.
  • A group of barn swallows are known collectively as a "kettle" of swallows.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X