Tree Swallow

Tachycineta bicolor

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Swallows (Hirundinidae)

Code 4

TRES

Code 6

TACBIC

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Tree Swallow has a large range, estimated globally at 12,000,000 square kilometers. Native to the Americas and nearby island nations, this bird prefers inland wetland ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 20,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Tree Swallow is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Tree Swallow: Medium-sized swallow with iridescent blue-green upperparts and white underparts. The wings are dark gray and tail is dark and forked. Black bill, legs and feet. Swift, graceful flight, alternates slow, deep wing beats with short or long glides. Turns back sharply on insects it passes.

 

Range and Habitat

Tree Swallow: Breeds from Alaska east through southern Nunavut to Newfoundland and south to California, northern Arizona, Texas, and Georgia. Spends winters in California, Mexico, and along the Gulf Coast and Mid-Atlantic states. Preferred habitats include open areas near water, such as fields, marshes, meadows, shorelines, beaver ponds, and wooded swamps with standing dead trees.

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Tree Swallow SONGS AND CALLS

Tree Swallow C1

Repeated "chirp" calls given in flight.

Tree Swallow C2

Song is a cheerful series of chirps and twitters.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"chi-veet"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Tree Swallow was first described in 1808 by Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot, a French Ornithologist.
  • It winters farther north than any other American swallow, and it returns to its nesting grounds long before other swallows come back.
  • They are known to "fight" over feathers in mid-air for reasons which are still under investigation. There is some speculation that this is a form of play.
  • A group of tree swallows are known collectively as a "stand" of swallows.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X